Cannabinoids, Therapeutic Effects and Synergistic Terpenoids
THCA is found in abundance in the fresh cannabis plant. THCA has therapeutic effects but does not make you feel "high".
When dried cannabis is heated (by smoking, vaping, or cooking it) decarboxylation occurs. This is a chemical reaction in which carboxylic acids in cannabis lose a carbon atom from a carbon chain. During this process THCA is converted to THC. THC is therapeutic, and is responsible for the psychoactive effect you experience.
Dried cannabis will degrade when exposed to light and oxygen, causing THC to convert to CBN. This and other cannabinoids produced during the aging process, have highly medicinal properties.
How many times, after opening a container of cannabis, have you been overwhelmed by a pungent, citrusy, almost divine aroma? This sensory euphoria is caused by naturally occurring chemical compounds called terpenoids. There are 13 common terpenoids which combine with the cannabinoids present in the plant, to enhance the various therapeutic effects.
Cannabinoids occur naturally in cannabis, and work by attaching to neural receptors in the brain, where they affect pleasure/reward centers, memory, and pain perception. At least 85 different cannabinoids have been identified in the cannabis plant, the most common of which are THC and CBD.